Friday Lesson: Sura al-Ikhlas (Part 2)

The Descent of Jesus at the End of Time

Q: Why does our master ‘Isa (peace be upon him) descend?

A: He (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘By Him in Whose Hands is my soul, the son of Mary is not far from descending upon you as a just judge. He will break the cross, kill the pig, re-institute the jizya-tax, and money will overflow until no one accepts to take it.’ Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

This is an authentic narration. The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is the one who said this, so do not say: why will he descend? Instead say: How will he descend? And why does the son of Adam die? The wisdom is known to Allah (most high and sublime).

‘Isa (peace be upon him) will descend because our Lord (most high and sublime) said: {to exalt it over every other religion} (9:33). The Christians are attached to ‘Isa (peace be upon him), so he will descend to say to them: There is no Prophet (to be followed now) except Muhammad. The Hour will not come until Allah (most high) exalts this religion above all other religions.

Our master ‘Isa (peace be upon him) will descend and he will rule by the Book and the Sunnah. He will stay for five or seven years- Allah knows best – for there are different sayings about the length of his stay. He will die in Medina and he will be buried next to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and he will marry an Arab woman. He will not die unwed.

Q: What is the Explanation of {I will take your soul and raise you to Me} (3:55) ?

A: {Take your soul} in the sleep. {Raise you} to the sky, while you are asleep. Our Lord (most high and sublime) made ‘Isa (peace be upon him) sleep, and raised him.

Q: Is this death before the descent or after it?

A: The raising of the soul, in the Qur’an, is used for both sleep and death. He (most high) said: {He is the One who takes your souls back to Himself at night} (6:60). Does this mean ‘kills you’ ? Sleep is called a wafaa (return of the soul), and death is called wafaa. {Allah takes the souls back to Him when they die} (39:42). Meaning the soul’s return at death. {He is the One who takes your souls back to Himself at night} means: He makes you sleep.

The scholars have held two opinions in explanation of the Ayah {I will take your soul and raise you to Me}:

Some said: {I will take your soul} means: will make you sleep {and raise you}.

Others said: the Ayah of ‘Isa is like the Ayah of his mother. How is that?

The answer: Allah (most high) said in the story of Mary: {O Mary, be devout to your Lord, and prostrate, and bow with those who bow} (3:43). Is the prostration first or the bowing? The Angels did not say to her: {bow} but said {prostrate} and then {and bow with those who bow}. So something has been moved forward and another has been moved back. The meaning is ‘Bow with those who bow, and prostrate with those who prostrate.’  Likewise is the Ayah of ‘Isa. The meaning is originally ‘I will raise you to me, and then will take your soul to Me after you descend back to Earth.’ So the Ayah of ‘Isa is like the Ayah of his mother.

The meaning of {be devout} means: make supplications, {and prostrate, and bow with those who bow}.

He placed the prostration first to give it more attention. It is not first in ordering, but rather because it deserves more attention. What comes first in order is, ‘Bow and prostrate with those who prostrate.’

{I will take your soul and raise you to Me}. Allah (most high) wants to reassure our master ‘Isa, so He is saying to him: it is I Myself who will take your soul, and the people who want to harm you will not be able to kill you, because I will take your soul Myself. So it was brought forward for the sake of the attention it deserves. Allah (most high) said: {I will take your soul and raise you to Me}. Originally it is: ‘I will raise you to Me, and then after that you will descend to Earth, and I will take your soul while you are on Earth. He brought {will take your soul} forward for the attention that it deserves.

The Primacy of the Nur Muhammadi

It has been narrated on the authority of our master Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) that he asked the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) about the first thing that Allah (most high) created. He said, ‘The first thing that Allah (most high) created was the light of your Prophet, O Jabir.’

This hadith was narrated by ‘Abd al-Razzaq al-Yamani al-Zabidi in his Musannaf collection of hadith. Shaykh Ahmad al-Qastalani, the author of the Commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari, copied it from him in his book al-Mawahib al-Ladunniyya. Likewise Shaykh ‘Abu al-Barakat al-Dardir quoted it in his Mawlid, and Shaykh al-Bajuri wrote a commentary on it. Shaykh Ibn Hajar al-Haytami quoted it in his Mawlid, and shaykh Yusuf b. Ismail al-Nabahani quoted it in his work al-Anwar al-Muhammadiyya.

So he (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is the first thing that Allah created. And there is nothing wrong with that. If we say that he was the first of Allah’s creation, what is going to happen? What could be against that? Is the Prophet still a created being or not? Allah (most high) created him before the rest of creation to honor him.

‘The first thing that Allah (most high) created was the light of your Prophet, O Jabir.’

What is meant by his light is his soul. Souls were created before the bodies. That is true for all people, but there is an order. Allah (most high) said: {These Messengers: We favoured some of them over others} (2:253). So He created our Prophet first, to favour him. We are speaking based on the Qur’an, for ‘ilm (religious knowledge) is not by one’s speech (and opinion)- ‘ilm is naql (received texts). We hear the speech of Allah (most high) and we narrate from the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), and from the scholars. As for the people of newspapers, they write what they wish, but they do not quote from the scholars.

Allah (most high) said: {If it had been from anyone other than Allah, they would have found much inconsistency in it} (4:82). The speech of Allah (most high) is Truth, and is not inconsistent. {The Sun runs to its resting place} (36:38) truly! {And We have decreed set phases for the Moon} (36:39) there is no doubt about that! {Allah takes the souls back to Him when they die} (39:42). It is Allah and not a king or pasha or vizier!

Al-Hakim narrated in his book al-Mustadrak that:

Adam said: My Lord I ask You by the right of Muhammad to forgive me!

Allah said: O Adam, how did you know Muhammad when I have not created him yet?

He said: My Lord, because when You created me with Your hand and blew into me of Your soul, I raised my head and saw that on the throne, ‘There is no god but Allah Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.’ I knew that you did not add to Your own name except that of the most beloved of all Your creation to You.

Allah said: You have spoken the truth, Adam. He is the most beloved of all creation to Me, so ask Me through his right. I have forgiven you, and had it not been for Muhammad I would not have created you.

And al-Tirmidhi narrated in his Sunan that he (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said:

‘I was a Prophet when Adam was still between soul and body.’ [1]

This is an authentic hadith. As for those who object to this, they are not scholars- they do not search in the texts.

Allah (most high and sublime) says: {And when Allah took a pledge from the Prophets: ‘That I have given you of the Book and the Wisdom} in pre-eternity {then there shall come to you a Messenger confirming what you have. You shall believe in him and you shall support him to be victorious}. He took the pledge from all the Prophets and said to them: Believe in Muhammad, and if you are there in his time, you must support him to be victorious. {He said: Do you accept and undertake My commission on that condition? They said: We accept. He said: So bear witness to that, and I too am with you as one of the witnesses} (3:81).  So Allah (most high and sublime) took a pledge from all of the Prophets to be his soldiers, and that if they are alive at the same time as him (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), that they would fight with him in his raids {You shall believe in him and you shall support him to be victorious}.

Al-Nabahani said:

Your light is all, and all people are parts of it

O Prophet, among whose soldiers are the other Prophets

Communism and the Communists

Q: What is Communism and who are the Communists?

A: Communists are people who judge by their minds. They say: there is no god, and no divine books, and no messengers. They believe that humans should rule everything on this Earth based on their minds. For them, there is no god who gives commands or prohibitions, and they do not acknowledge the Messengers. Therefore their disbelief is worse than that of Abu Lahab, and that of the Jews and Christians. The Christians say: We believe in Jesus. The Jews say: We believe in Moses. The Muslims say: We believe in all the Prophets and Messengers. As for the Communists, they disbelieve in them all! So the Communists are a people without religion, and their chief is called Marx. He is a disbeliever, and his parents are disbelievers, and those who follow him are disbelievers who are headed for destruction. Their leader is leading them to destruction. It is as Pharoah did with his followers. Allah (most high) said: {He will be at the forefront of his people on the Day of Resurrection, and he will lead them to the Fire. Evil is this water-place to be led to!} (11:98).

So we thank Allah (most high) that He made us Muslims. Oh Allah, all praise is to You, our Lord! Thank Allah for the love of Allah, and the knowledge of Allah, and the love of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).

Our Lord (most high and sublime) praises the Sahaba who lived with the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) with His saying: {Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him} (9:100). Why? Because they were with the beloved! Allah (most high) loves them because the beloved is pleased with them. Al-Busiri (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him,

so how can anyone reach their level?

With Abu Bakr who people followed

even in your own lifetime!

Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) became an imam during the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him). So where are we from these people? We are now at the end of time.

He (peace be upon him) said, ‘From the signs that the Hour is near is that the evil people will be elevated, and the best people will be abased. The stores of speech will be opened and works will be stored. People will read the “repeated ones,” and none of them will reject it.’ Someone said, ‘What are the ‘repeated ones’’? He said, ‘That which is written down beside the Book of Allah (most great and majestic).’ Narrated by al-Hakim in the Mustadrak, who said it was authentic.

Our shaykh al-Shinqiti said: The ‘repeated ones’ are the newspapers that we see today, because it is repeated words that people write. They mention what they want without denial from the people in charge. This is one of the signs of the Hour.

We believe that the Resurrection is coming. Do you think the world will continue like this? What then, about the saying of Allah (most high): {When the seas boil over} (81:6), {When the sky is ripped apart} (84:1), {On that day, the sky will split asunder with clouds and the angels are sent down in majesty} (25:25), where is all that? It is coming, so believe, and have faith, and make your heart believe that the Resurrection is coming.

So why does Allah (most high) have patience with the disbelievers? Because He has prepared for them a painful torment. Allah (most high) said: {Therefore be patient, with a beautiful patience * they see it as being far off * but We see it near} (70:5-7). It is the Day of Resurrection, but the disbelievers and Communists do not believe in the Day of Resurrection.

Allah (most high) says: {The matter of the Hour shall be like the blinking of an eye or even less} (16:77).

The End of Time

How will the Resurrection come? It comes with His saying, ‘Be!’  It is mentioned in the hadith narrated by Muslim that the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), after mentioning the emergence of the Dajjal and the descent of ‘Isa son of Mary, said, ‘Then Allah will send a cold wind from the direction of Greater Syria, and no one in whose heart is an atom’s weight of goodness or faith will remain on the face of the Earth, but it shall take their lives. Even if one of them went into the depths of a mountain it will enter upon him there and take his life.’ This will be near the Hour. Our Lord (most high and sublime) will take the souls of the believers first, so that no believer remains on the face of the Earth.

He (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ‘The Hour will not come until the happiest person with this world will be a lowly one son of a lowly one.’ Narrated by al-Tirmidhi. It means: an evil one son of an evil one.

Q: Does this conflict with the hadith, ‘Goodness is in me and in my Ummah until the Day of Rising’ ?

A: There is no contradiction, for the hadith that we have points to the fact that the soft wind will take their souls.

He (peace be upon him) said, ‘The Hour will not come until no one on Earth says “Allah, Allah” anymore.’ Narrated by Muslim.

He also said, ‘The Hour will not rise except on the worst of creation.’ Narrated by Muslim.

The Signs of the Hour

I have mentioned to you, before this lesson, the signs of the Hour. They are combined in the code: TaMaDdun’iYRunDaQa تمدّ عير دق

Ta: Turks

Mim: Mahdi

Dal: Dajjal

‘Ayn: ‘Isa

Ya: Yajuj and Majuj (Gog and Magog)

Ra: Raf’ (raising) of the Qur’an

Dal: Daabba (the Creature). {When the Word falls on them, We will bring out from the Earth a beast for them} (27:82).

Qaf: Qiyamah

Although I fear for you the Communists, but the blessings of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) will keep them from you. Say with me, ‘We believe in Allah! We believe that Allah is more powerful than everything.’

Q: I have a daughter who is married. Can I give her from my Zakat?

A: You can give Zakat to her husband and children, because they are foreigners to you, but as for her, no. As one poet said:

Our sons are the sons of our sons, but our daughters,

their sons are the sons of foreign men

Q: Who comes first, the Mahdi or our master ‘Isa?

A: Our master ‘Isa descends at the end of time. As for the Mahdi, he comes first, then the Dajjal appears, then our master ‘Isa descends to help the Mahdi kill the Dajjal. He will kill him in Greater Syria, in Palestine, at Beit Lid, and according to one narration he will descend at the white minaret in Damascus.

The Colonialism that Existed in Egypt and Other Arab Countries

When I first came to the Azhar, there used to be a English constable in front of the door of the Azhar, riding a white horse, and wearing a fez. The Citadel was full of Englishmen, and near the Qasr al-Nil Bridge there was a big space that was full of Englishmen. We used to go to look at them. Egypt in general was full of Englishmen. The people who were older than us used to say to us that the head of the police force in Egypt was an Englishman, and the main officer was Egyptian. That is how I saw it with my own eyes in the Sudan: the officer was Egyptian but the manager was English. In Palestine it was the same. In Syria it was the French, and in Iraq the English, and in Libya the Italians, and in Tunisia the French, and in Algeria the French, and in Morocco the French.

So all the lands of the Muslims were colonized, so who took all the colonization out and ended this great tribulation?

The Muslims did not have the capability to do so, for they had no weapons and no strength, and no number, and no preparation to face this tribulation. But Allah (most high and sublime) took the English out of Egypt with His power without a canon or rifle. It was the Greatest King who took them out of Egypt, then out of Sudan, then took the Italians out of Libya, and then the French out of Tunisia. And in Algeria, Allah (most high) chose dedicated and sincere men who fought until they removed the French from their lands. Likewise He took the French out of Morocco. So Allah (most high) freed all the lands.

This age of ours, then, is the age of independence. All of our lands are ruled by Muslims.

Allah (most great and majestic) says: {so We might see how you would do} (10:14). Will you, whose lands I gave back to you after I kicked the disbelieving enemies out of it, will you do as they did, or will you return to My Law and My rule? If you act by the Shari’ah, I will increase you with more strength to add to your strength, and more goodness to add to your goodness. But if you hold on to their laws and imitate them in their misguidance, the reward for that will be harsh.

God willingly, I see the Arab countries all thinking about returning to ruling by the noble Qur’an. But either way, a Muslim ruler – even if he was a fasiq (i.e. violated the Shari’ah) – is still better than a million disbelieving rulers, because he is Muslim. We ask Allah to keep our glory.

Allah (most high) took them out of the lands of the Muslims and removed the last remnants of their rule, and God willingly they will not come back.

If the donkey goes off with Umm Amr

neither will she return, nor will the donkey

The colonialists then left our lands, and they wish they could return, but that is not possible, because when they entered the Sudan the Sudanese people had nothing but sticks, but now they have canons and rifles and a trained army. And when they entered Egypt the Egyptians had nothing but talk! But now they have different types of canons and rockets and an organized army and fighter jets that are flown by skilled pilots. So the state now is different, and Allah (most great and majestic) has given us much, and strengthened us with His blessings, but we are only lacking one thing, which is to turn to Him (most high and sublime is He). He distanced the enemy from us, and gave us strength, and when the Jews came and tried to dare attack us, Allah brought down tribulation upon them, and gave us victory over them. This is a blessing from His blessings (most high and sublime is He) upon us.

Q: Someone who is going to travel prays the Jumu’ah prayer, and wants to travel. Is he permitted to pray the ‘Asr straight after it, as an early combination (jam’ taqdim)?

A: Yes that is permissible for him as long as he is traveling.

{Allah the Samad}

Who is the Samad? It is Allah.

One of the scholars of the language was writing a book in explaining the Qur’an, and on the language. When he got to the word ‘Samad’ he did not know what it meant. He said to himself: I will go to the lands of the Bedouin to hear what the Arabs say about its meaning. So he went to the desert, and found a tent next to which a camel was tied. The camel was restless, and was neither eating nor drinking.  While the man stood there a young girl came and called out to the people inside the tent, ‘What is wrong with your camel, why did it not go to the pasture?’ The girl inside the tent replied to her, ‘He is samad, he does not eat or drink.’ So the man understood the meaning of ‘samad’ in the language.

One of the meanings of al-Samad then is: He is the One who does not eat or drink.

Q: Does it also mean the One who is relied upon for all needs?

A: Yes, that is from the meanings of al-Samad. Meaning: The One who is turned to for all needs.

‘Al-Samad’ has a lot of meanings, and one scholar has written a book on that. In some countries they call the person in charge of farming: al-samad.

Al-Samad is the One who is sought for all needs. But when it comes to the attributes of Allah (most high), this word is not used as if it is similar to the attributes of people. Allah ‘al-Samad’ is the One who can fulfill all needs. Any need that occurs to you is with Him. He is the One who said to His slaves: {call on Me and I will answer you} (40:60). Meaning: turn to Me. He is the One who can fulfill all needs, and He commands us to request them from Him. Health, progeny, a spouse, money, victory over the enemies… all needs are with Him.

Most high and sublime is He! He defends you, heals you, enriches you, and brings you happiness. {It is He who makes people laugh and weep} (53:43). He brings things that cause you to laugh, and other things that cause you to weep, most high and sublime is He.

‘Samad,’ nothing is like Him. Who possesses all that is needed? No one but Him. Even the kings say ‘O Lord!’And when they are sick they say, ‘O Allah, cure us!’ For no one has health and soundness of body but Allah (most high).

When the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would raise his head from the prostration, and sit between the two prostrations, he would say, ‘O Allah, forgive me and show me mercy, and guide me, and give me sustenance, and pardon me, and heal me.’

So forgiveness is from Allah, and mercy is from Allah, and guidance is from Allah, and sustenance is from Allah, and good health is from Allah.

A slave is only happy if his master owns all things: clothes, food, and drink. So if a slave wants to dress, his master will clothe him, and if he wants to eat or drink, he will find food and drink. So a slave is happy with the wealth of his master, because he gives him food and drink.

Allah (most high) says: {say: in the favour and mercy of Allah, in that they should rejoice} (10:58). Why do they rejoice? Because their Lord possesses everything. If there was something that Allah did not have, from where could we get it? But Allah (most high) has everything, and gave us permission to ask Him, so let us rejoice in that!

He (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘Allah loves those who are persistent in supplication.’ Narrated by al-Bayhaqi. Meaning: those who supplicate often. So try and you will find the answer. Whoever has a need and says, ‘O Lord!,’ his need will be fulfilled, even if after a long time passes. That is because He possesses it, and He is generous. How often do we hear that His name is the Most Generous, and His name is The Rich. He is rich and generous. There are those among His slaves who are rich but stingy, no one can get anything from them. But Allah (most high) is rich and generous, and Allah (most high) says (at the tongue of Solomon): {my Lord is rich and generous} (27:40).

Glory be to You, O Lord! Praise be to Allah for Islam! We rejoice in You, O Lord! And the greatest joy is joy in Allah.

Whoever wants progeny, let him say: My Lord, grant me good progeny from You.

Q: We heard that from the meanings of ‘al-Samad’ is: ‘the One who gave everything its creation’ so what is the meaning of that?

A: That is from the meanings of al-Rabb (the Lord). When Pharoah said to Moses and Aron, {Who is your Lord, O Moses?} (20:49), Moses’ reply was, {Our Lord is He who gave everything its creation, and then guided it} (20:50).

Pharoah is trying to say, ‘Why did you deny my lordship?’ He is the one who said, ‘I am your greatest lord!’

So Moses said to him, ‘You are a liar!’

So Pharoah said to him, ‘Who is your lord then, O Moses?

He said: {Our Lord is He who gave everything its creation, and then guided it}. Meaning: He gave every created being the creation that was made for it. For example, what does the bird eat? It eats seeds. Who guided it and taught it to eat seeds? It is Allah. So the bird is a creation that Allah created, and He guided it to the seeds that Allah created for it, and prepared its stomach for it.

The eagle, Who guided it to eat cows? Allah who created it. I have seen its beak, it is like a butcher’s axe, it can rip the skin of a camel.

{then He guided it} means: He gave it and guided it. He is all-wise, all-knowing. Where is the lion? In the mountains. Why does it not come into the city? Because it will either eat someone, or someone will kill it. So our Lord (most high and sublime) made it live in the mountains, and gave it a strong skin with which to bear the heat and the cold. But did He deprive it of sustenance? No! He made the rain come down so that plants grow, and created deer and cows so that the lion and the tiger and the hyena can eat. So these things are created for them. And you see the snakes, they eat the birds. And so on. How sublime are You, O Lord! How sublime are You! The world is full of different types of animals. Have you ever seen a cat file a complaint to someone of its hunger? And have you seen a cat request family planning? It gives bith to more than seven kittens at one go, and Allah (most high) provides for it and its kittens. She knows its Lord and protects its kittens and does not neglect them, and covers them with her body to warm them from the cold.

How sublime is Allah the creator of all things who gave everything its creation and then guide it! Look at the created beings and reflect, and you will see wonders! You will see the lion, the wild beast, showing tenderness for their little cubs, and licking them with their tongue, and playing with them. That is the creation of Allah (most high).

{He did not beget}

Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) said: Because the one who begets dies.

{and was not begotten}

Meaning He has no father or mother, because the one who has a father inherits from his father. Usually, when a person who has children dies, then his children inherit from him after his death. The one who is born must inherit the money that his father and mother left behind.  But Allah (most high and sublime) is transcendent far above having children or fathers or mothers.

{and no one is comparable to Him}

The recitation of Hafs is without a hamza (glottal stop): kufuwan. Abu Amr’s recitation is kufu’an. The meaning of both is the same. Kufuwan means: an equal. So it means: no one is equal to Him. He has no equal and no likeness. His attributes transcend above that, most high and sublime is He!

—————–

[1] (i.e. neither soul nor body).

Part 1: beneficialilm.com/2013/04/03/friday-lesson-sura-al-ikhlas-part-1/

Or download the full PDF here: http://www.scribd.com/doc/135300512/Commentary-on-Sura-al-Ikhlas

Trackbacks

  1. […] verse about the ascent of the Prophet Isa (peace be upon him) which are discussed here: https://beneficialilm.com/2013/04/03/friday-lesson-sura-al-ikhlas-part-2/ 2) He was a Jewish Rabbi who converted to Islam during the Caliphate of sayyidna Umar ibn […]

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