Friday Lesson: Sura al-Ikhlas (Part 1)

Commentary on Sura al-Ikhlas

I seek refuge in Allah from Satan the outcast.
In the name of Allah, the Lord of Mercy, the Giver of Mercy.
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.
May Allah most high send peace and blessings upon our master Muhammad and upon his family and companions.

{How sublime are You! We have no knowledge except what You taught us. You are the all-knowing, the most wise} (2:32).

{With Him are the keys of the Unseen, none but He knows them. He knows all that is on land and in the sea; not a leaf falls but He knows it. Not a seed in the darkness of the earth, not anything fresh or dried, but it is written in a clear book} (6:59).

[I teach you] Through a connected chain to the scholars of the noble Azhar and others, in Qur’anic recitations, Hadith, and Qur’anic exegesis, may Allah most high be pleased with them and benefit us and you by them and by their knowledge. Amen.

On the exegesis of His saying, most high,

{Say: He is Allah, One  

Allah, the self-sufficient  

He begot no one nor was He begotten

And no one is comparable to Him} (Sura 112)

The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) put a man in charge of an expedition (sariyya). A sariyya was when the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would send the Companions to fight the disbelievers, and would appoint for them a leader. If he went with that army it was called a raid (ghazwa), but if he stayed in Medina and sent the army without him it was called a sariyya. So he appointed a man as a leader of a sariyya. Whenever he led them in the Subh (Fajr) Prayer, he would recite the sura of {Say: He is Allah, One}. When they returned, they complained about him to the Prophet (peace be upon him): ‘The commander – and they named him- left your Sunna, and would pray the Subh Prayer with Sura al-Ikhlas.’

Oh Allah send blessings upon him!
All of you send blessings upon him!

He is perfection! He did not judge him. He asked for him. He said, ‘bring him to me.’ He said to him, ‘What made you pray the Subh prayer with the Sura of {Say: He is Allah, One}?’

He said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, it has the description of the Lord of Mercy, and I love the Lord of Mercy.’

He (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘The Lord of Mercy has loved you as you have loved Him!’

Look! The Companions judged him to be in the wrong and complained about him. The one with correct opinion, however, did not make a judgement on him before asking him first. He said, ‘bring him.’ Then he said, ‘Why did you pray with the Sura of Ikhlas and leave my Sunna (of elongating that prayer)’?

Look at his answer! ‘O Messenger of Allah, in this Sura is the description of the Lord of Mercy, and I love the Lord of Mercy! That is why I recite it in the Subh prayer.’

What beauty! That is a great reason! That is why the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) gave him the glad tidings of the all-Merciful’s love for him: ‘The Lord of Mercy has loved you as you have loved Him!’

The Virtues of Sura al-Ikhlas

Maybe we can learn from this story, and recite this Sura often. In it are great benefits. He (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘It is equal to a third of the Qur’an.’ This is the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him!) It was narrated by al-Bukhari and others. ‘It is equal to a third of the Qur’an’ meaning Sura al-Ikhlas.

You, O poor man who has not memorized the Qur’an and has never recited it, recite this Sura for it is equal to a third of the Qur’an. This religion is ease! You see someone recite the entire Qur’an and finish it, and you have nothing…. but you have Sura al-Ikhlas, so read it! Three times, and it is as if you have recited the entire Qur’an!

It is through your noble face O Messenger of Allah that the religion has been made so easy! He (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘I was sent to you with the pure and tolerant religion’ and ‘Whoever deviates from it will be ruined.’

The Tolerance of Islam

Islam is tolerant in all of its matters – in everything. {Allah wants ease for you, and does not want hardship for you} (2:185).

In His Law is the intention to bring ease, and there is no intention to cause hardship in it.

If you do not find water, you do tayammum. According to the Malikis, if a man wakes up in the morning and finds that it is time for the sun to rise, and fears that the time of the Subh will pass, he can make tayammum to be able to pray the Subh prayer in its time, and he is not required to repeat it later. This is from the ease in this religion! There is no water! The water is too cold, and if he were to turn on the heater and wait for the water to warm up, the sun would rise. There are a few minutes left. He should do tayammum and pray the Subh in its time, and thank Allah! The religion has many such beautiful aspects!

Imam Malik and al-Bukhari narrated that he (peace be upon him) said, ‘Whoever was able to pray one Rak’ah of the Subh prayer before the sunrise, has prayed the Subh prayer in its time; and whoever was able to pray one Rak’ah of the ‘Asr prayer before the sunset, has prayed the ‘Asr in its time.’

It means he prayed it in its time! It means there is no sin there! When he wakes up as the sun is rising and does his ablutions and prays, he has committed a grave sin because he wasted time and prayed the Subh prayer outside of its time, and so it is a makeup prayer. Likewise with ‘Asr: the sun has set, then he prays the ‘Asr! He prays, happy about himself! No my brother! Do not be happy! He (peace be upon him) said in the narration of Imam Malik in his Muwatta, ‘He who misses his ‘Asr prayer, it is as if he has lost his family and his wealth.’

It is as if all of his family are gone! Perished! And all his money was lost! Look! Weigh it! Look! His children, his wife, his father and mother, all gone, dead! His shop and his money, all gone! Over what? ‘He who misses the ‘Asr prayer.’ It does not say the one who leaves it altogether, no! The one who delays it until after the sun has set. ‘It is as if he has lost his family and wealth.’ Who thinks about this speech? Who thinks about it?! They sit and chat until the sun sets, then they get up to do their ablutions for the prayer?!

But from the beauty of Islam, if you are afraid of losing your family and wealth, you rush to catch a Rak’ah before the sun sets. Alhamdulillah, you have escaped that plight. You have escaped from being included in that hadith. You have caught the ‘Asr prayer with that one Rak’ah in its time.

He (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said in the narration of al-Bukhari: ‘Whoever sleeps until the sun rises upon him, Shaytan will urinate in his ear.’ ‘He will wake up wicked hearted and lazy.’ But if he woke up and caught a Rak’ah before the sun rises, he has saved himself! Even if only with one Rak’ah! He has prayed the Subh in its time, and whoever prays the Subh in its time is saved from the urine of Shaytan.

O Messenger of Allah! By your greatness in the sight of Allah, I ask Allah to save the Ummah from this tribulation! The people pray the Subh after the sun has risen and Shaytan urinates in their ears, so they wake up wicked-hearted and lazy.

I am not speaking about the sick! I am talking about the healthy! Have you been sick your whole life? No, you have been as strong as a lion, but you did not pray! This has a ruling and that has a ruling. In the Court on the Day of Judgment the angels will say: Come here, you! Why didn’t you pray the Subh? You were healthy and good. Give his judgement!

And you, come here. Why didn’t you pray Subh in its time?
– I was sick!

They will examine him! If he had a big disability preventing him from praying (Subh in its time), he will be forgiven. But if it was possible for him to pray….

A Story

There was a man in Sudan. His mother said, ‘Abdallah, get up and pray.’ He said, ‘oh, oh!’
– Get up and pray!
– Oh, oh!

So she went and prepared ‘Aseeda, with ghee and honey. Do you know the ‘Aseeda? Some know it and some don’t. Those in Cairo wouldn’t know it, but those from Upper Egypt know it! In Winter that’s all they eat. Honey, ghee, (and flour).
She said: Abdallah!
– oh!
– Get up and eat ‘Aseeda!

He answered strongly, ‘Really?’ (And got up).

This Abdallah, he has no excuse. He deserves to be taken to court.
– Oh Abdallah, why didn’t you pray?
– I was lazy.

No! There are whips on the Day of Judgement for the lazy. But he if he was sick… {But whoever of you is ill…} That is an excuse.

Oh Allah save them, our Lord! Guide them to pray the Subh in its time!

And the greatest catastrophe is when one sleeps with his wife after the Isha prayer, and sleeps in his state of major ritual impurity until the sun rises.

– Why?
– I feared the cold (if I wanted to do the major ritual ablution).
– When you did what you did, why didn’t you fear the cold then? When it comes to ablutions and prayer, now you are afraid of the cold? {Say: The fire of Hell is much hotter, if only they understood} (9:81).

In the fire of Hell there is an intense fire, O shaykh!

Another Example of the Ease in this Religion

Also from the tolerance of the religion is that if a man was fasting in Ramadan, and went into a state of major ritual impurity, and then the Call to Prayer (of Subh) sounds, “Allahu akbar”, then he can make his intention to fast while he is in that state of impurity, and then do his major ritual ablution and pray. His fasting is still valid.

In Sahih Muslim it is narrated that a man said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, I was in a state of major ritual impurity in Ramadan and the Call to Prayer sounded. Should I fast?’

The Prophet said, ‘I have done that too.’ The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is saying to him, ‘Today, the same thing happened to me. I did my major ritual ablution after the Call to Prayer.’

So, if you had made the intention to fast before, but when the Call to Prayer comes you are in a state of major ritual impurity, is the fast valid? Yes, it is valid. That is because ritual purity is not a condition of fasting. This is a mercy from your Lord, to make things easier.

{Say: He is Allah, One} is Equal to a Third of the Qur’an.

The scholars said, ‘How is that? It is a small Sura, and the Qur’an has 114 Suras. One third of 114 is how many Suras? Who is good at calculating? It is 38 Suras. This means that Sura al-Ikhlas equals 38 Suras. How is that, O scholars?’ The scholars spoke to each other.

A group of scholars said, ‘The meaning is that it is equal to that much in meaning, not in pronunciation.’ Why? They said because the Qur’an contains three things: Tawhid, law-making, and historical stories.

What is the meaning of Tawhid? It means that Allah knew that His creation was incapable of understanding His attributes, so He described Himself in the Qur’an. Allah’s description of Himself in the Qur’an is called Tawhid.

Law-making is like {Establish the Prayer and give the Zakaat} (2:43), etc. This is Law-making.

As for stories, that is like {Mention Mary in the Book} (19:16). {Mention Abraham in the Book} (19:41)..This is called the stories of the ancients, meaning news about them.

They said, ‘Sura Ikhlas contains Tawhid, which is one of the three parts. The meaning of it being equal to a third of the Qur’an is that in the meaning it contains, it is equal to the part of Tawhid from the Qur’an.’

Some of the scholars have said this, among them the greater hadith memoriser Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (may Allah have mercy on him), who discussed this in the 9th volume of his commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari. The great scholar Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani explained Sahih al-Bukhari in thirteen volumes, and gathered in this commentary all the different sciences, and no scholar can do without it. So may Allah (most high) reward the shaykhs for us with great good.

Our shaykh Habibullah al-Shinqiti (may Allah have mercy on him) said to me,

‘Son, whoever has Ibn Hajar’s commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari, has all of the six books of the Sunnah.’

This is because he narrates hadith in the following manner. He says:

‘On the authority of Abu Musa al-Ash’ari (may Allah be pleased with him) who said:

The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was asked about things that he disliked. When they asked him too many questions he became angry. He said, ‘ask me!’
A man stood up and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, who is my father?’
He said, ‘Your father is Hudhafa.’
Another stood up and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, who is my father?’
He said, ‘Your father is Salim, the freed servant of Shayba.’

When Umar saw the anger in the face of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), he said, ‘We repent to Allah (most great and majestic).’

Ibn Hajar then says, giving us what is in the other narrations:

‘The narrator added, in Zuhri’s narration: Umar came down on his knees and said, “We accept Allah as our Lord, Islam as our Religion, and Muhammad as a Messenger.”

And in the narration of Qatada is the addition, ‘We seek refuge in Allah from tribulations.’

And in the mursal chain of al-Sadiyy, narrated by al-Tabari in this story, with some differences, ‘Umar then went to him and kissed his foot and said, “We accept Allah as our Lord…” and he mentioned like the above and added, “and the Qur’an as our imam. So forgive us, may Allah forgive you.” And he kept at it until he was no longer angry.’

Then Ibn Hajar says, ‘In this hadith is evidence of how the Companions always observed the states of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and how fearful they were if he became angry, fearing that it would be something that would cause him to be angry with all of them.’

The Ruling on the Kissing of the Hand

Then in the midst of this talk he begins to make legal judgements based on the additions that have been narrated in the hadith: ‘It is permissible to kiss a man’s foot.’ This is because the correct narration states that Umar b. al-Khattab kissed the foot of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Abu Dawud narrated on the delegation of Abd Qays, that they threw themselves from on top of their riding animals and raced to kiss the hand and foot of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and kissed them.

So the kissing of the hand and foot, as far as I know, was narrated by Ibn Hajar in his commentary on al-Bukhari in the Section on Holding to the Book and the Sunna, and was narrated by Abu Dawud in the story of the delegation of Abd Qays.

Imam al-Bukhari, as well, has a book called al-Adab al-Mufrad in which he says, “Chapter on the The Kissing of Hands,” and then he narrates hadiths with their chains of transmission. Then he says, “Chapter on the Kissing of Feet” and he narrates hadiths with their chains of transmission.

Shaykh Salih al-Ja’fari and Shaykh Mahmud Khattab al-Subki:

I attended the lesson of Shaykh Mahmud Khattab al-Subki- oh Allah forgive him for You are all-forgiving, and have mercy on him for You are all-merciful – and there were fifty-five students sitting in front of him. When he finished his lesson and stood up to leave, I went to him – and I had only recently arrived from my country – and took his hand to kiss it. He did not allow me to do so.

I said to him, ‘Abu Dawud narrated in the section on the delegation of Abd Qays that they threw themselves from on top of their riding animals and raced to the hand and foot of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and kissed them. [1] You do not have more fear of doing something questionable than the Messenger of God (peace be upon him)!’

He looked at me carefully then turned to those around him, then said to me, ‘Where are you from?’

I said, ‘From the lands of God! I have been in the Azhar for two months.’

He turned to those with him and said to them, ‘Look at him! He has only been in the Azhar for two months, and he addressed me with quotes from the Sunan of Abu Dawud. In the Azhar there are people who have been there 80 years, and do not know where to find the Sunan of Abu Dawud.’

That was his answer, and I thanked him for accepting the evidence. After that he would extend his hand to me to kiss it every time I greeted him. I thank him for accepting the evidence and will bear witness to him for it on the Day of Judgment in the presence of Allah (most high).

In Arafat in the year 1951, I was sitting and a group of Moroccans came to greet me and they kissed my hand. An old scholar from Najd with a big beard came after the Moroccans had left and said to me, ‘Where is the evidence for that?’ I said to him, ‘In the Sunan of Abu Dawud.‘ He said to me, ‘In the Sunan of Abu Dawud? Then may Allah bless you.’ He accepted the evidence.

There are people who, when you mention the evidence to them, they are convinced- they are the true believers. There are other people who, if you mention the evidence to them, they act like foxes. They twist and turn. They are called: The fox-like people.  Oh Allah, grant us steadfastness on the straight path, and allow us to act upon the Book and Sunnah.

This is a Sunnah that has been narrated, so why do you vilify a Muslim for doing it? Because of kissing someone’s hand, you backbite your Muslim brother, while you know that backbiting is forbidden? Why? Why? Why?! The Shari’ah is expansive. SubhanAllah!

Another story which contains truly wondrous things! Because this world is indeed full of strange things!

I was sitting with that scholar in his house after ‘Asr. A man came, and sat.

He said, ‘Our shaykh, we want to build a masjid in Aswan because people’s prayer there is completely invalid.’

Look! {Who is more unjust than he who makes lies about Allah?} (11:18). What audacity with Allah! He claimed that people’s prayers are unacceptable to Allah! He ruled that the prayers in all the mosques are invalid! Look! This is audacity that Allah will question him about!

The shaykh was leaning back. He said, ‘Build, is anyone stopping you? Build what you want.’

Next to me was a man with a beard that was half an arm’s length, but he was more ignorant than the donkey of Umm Amr. He said: The Messenger of Allah has spoken the truth! “The Children of Israel split into 72 groups and this ummah will split into 73 groups. All of them are in the fire, and they are the people who pray in the mosques….”

He recited the daal letter at the end with a qalqalah, as if reciting it with tajwid. “They are the people of the masaajid.”  He thought I was a lay man, a non-Azhari, as I was not wearing the clothes of the Azhar and had only arrived recently from my country.

I said to him, ‘The hadith is not like this. “They are the people who pray in mosques” is not part of the hadith. Did the Prophet (peace be upon him) come to you and dictate to you this addition?’

He opened his eyes at me and said, ‘Ah, are you one of them?’

Meaning: You are from the Azhar, but I didn’t know that! He opened his eyes at me like that, but he stayed quiet and could not answer me. The shaykh (may Allah have mercy on him) was from the people of the hearts.

I said to him, ‘Our master the shaykh!’ As soon as I said that, he sat up straight and said, ‘Yes?’

I said to him, ‘What is the ruling on praying in the mosques of the Muslims?’

He said, ‘It is correct.’

I said, ‘So do we pray with them when it is time for prayer?’

He said, ‘Yes!’

I said to him, ‘What is the ruling on the prayer of one who shaves his beard off?’

He said, ‘There are two opinions on this, and the correct one is that it is correct.’

This is what Shaykh Mahmud Khattab said to me, and Allah is listening to us!

I responded to that man who said that the prayer of the people is invalid and when he narrated the hadith he attributed false words to the Chosen One and added, ‘and they are the people of the mosques.’

He (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said in the mutawatir hadith, ‘Indeed, lying about me is not like lying about anyone else! Whoever lies about me on purpose, let him know that there is a seat for him in the Fire.’

On the Tarawih Prayers

I said, ‘Alhamdulillah that I went to this shaykh and heard his own words, so that Allah teaches me, and that I am not among those who are unaware. I knew the shaykh, and knew his principles. I bought his Commentary on Sunan Abu Dawud, and read in the Chapter on the Tarawih Prayers the following:

‘The Tarawih prayers are a Sunnah, but their number is not indicated.’

That is correct, and that is the consensus of the Ummah. That is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, ‘Whoever prays in the nights of Ramadan out of faith and hoping for reward, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.’

He did not say, ‘Whoever prays twenty Rak’ah or fifty’.

And in the time of our master Umar bin al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him), the Commander of the Faithful brought the people together to pray twenty Rak’ah in the Tarawih prayer.  So Shaykh al-Subki said about the Tarawih prayer, ‘Its number is not indicated.’ And now some of those who claim to be his followers say, ‘The Sunnah is eight, and twenty is an innovation.’ This speech did not come from this righteous man. Praise be to Allah for showing me the truth of the matter.

The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) did not pray the Tarawih. How is that? Because Allah (most high) made night worship obligatory on him both in Ramadan and outside it. As for the Tarawih prayers, it is a Sunnah for the Ummah in Ramadan. The evidence for it is, ‘Whoever prays at night in Ramadan,’ meaning with any number of Rak’ahs, ‘out of belief and hoping for reward, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.’ In a treatise by Shaykh Ali al-Ajhuri al-Maliki he mentioned finding an authentic hadith with the addition, ‘and future sins.’

So the number is not specified. The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) did not pray the Tarawih. He prayed the Qiyam al-Layl that was obligatory upon him in Ramadan and outside it. There are two narrations about the prayer of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace):

One – that he did not pray more than eleven Rak’ah. Eight for the Qiyam, and two for Shaf’ (the two Rak’ahs before the one odd witr Rak’ah) and one for Witr.

The second – That he did not pray more than thirteen Rak’ahs. Ten for the Qiyam, and two for Shaf’ and one for Witr.

The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) did not pray more than that, neither in Ramadan or outside it.

So whoever says that the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) prayed the Tarawih in Ramadan, and did not do more than eight Rak’ah, we say to him: You have lied! Because the Tarawih are a Sunnah, but the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was praying the Qiyam al-Layl which was a Wajib (obligation) upon him, and the Tarawih was only made a Sunnah for the Ummah.

So enough of this argumentation! Are you more knowledgeable than our master ‘Umar, and thousands of Sahabah with him? Are you more knowledgeable than our master ‘Uthman, and our master ‘Ali, and the Four Imams? Imam Malik says, ‘It is recommended to pray the Tarawih in Ramadan, and it is twenty Rak’ahs.’ Imam Shafi’i says, ‘It is twenty Rak’ahs.’

So why this division oh Muslim?! You pray eight, but hold your tongue from the Salaf: The Companions and the others. How do you say that a twenty Rak’ah Tarawih is an innovation when the Commander of the Faithful ‘Umar bin al-Khattab prayed it twenty?! This is shameful! Hold your tongue from the masters!  Do you not know the hadith of al-Bukhari on the authority of our master ‘Imran b. al-Huṣayn (may Allah be pleased with him) who said:

He (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ‘The best of you are my generation, then the ones after them, and then the ones after them.’

He (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘We are close to the time when the other nations will call one another against you just as diners call one another to their dish.’ Someone asked, ‘Is this because we will be few in numbers that day?’ He said, ‘No, you will be numerous then, but you will be like the muck on top of the stream.’ Narrated by Abu Dawud.

The ‘muck on top of the stream’ is like the tree leaves and hay that floats on the surface of a pond or river. So you are from that muck, and you want to make ‘Umar and the Companions and the Four Imams out to be wrong? Do you have no shame before Allah?!

Say: I chose for myself to pray eight Rak’ahs of Tarawih. As for our predecessors, say, ‘May Allah be pleased with them.’ Do not call what they did an innovation. Fear Allah, O people! Learn the knowledge of this religion. Do you claim that the Tarawih prayers are eight Rak’ahs and that twenty is an innovation? Does our master ‘Umar do innovations?!

He (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘Follow they way of those who will come after me, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar.’ And another narration says: He (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) saw Abu Bakr and ‘Umar and said, ‘They are my hearing and my sight.’ Narrated by al-Tirmidhi.

He (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ‘Hold on to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly guided caliphs after me, bite on to it with your teeth.’ Narrated by al-Tirmidhi.

Do you come after 1397 years and say that people used to pray the Tarawih in an innovated form? Did you alone gain this knowledge and all the people before you did not know it? Why?! Ask your Lord’s forgiveness, you! Pray and hold your tongue from the believers! Pray as you wish. No one stopped you. The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘Whoever prays at night in Ramadan.’ He did not specify a number.

Shaykh Mahmud Khattab al-Subki (may Allah be pleased with him) did not mention a number. He said that everyone can pray as they wish. So you pray six, or eighteen, or a hundred, and stay quiet about everyone else. But don’t you dare say: This is an innovation and a misguidance, and is in the Fire!

I like the man. I do not like to backbite anyone. I speak the truth, and I have seen the man himself, and heard from him. I will not be unjust to him. All I say about him is that I found him to be balanced, a good righteous man, who always accepted the truth and returned to it.

I heard him in his lesson, when commenting on the hadith about the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) worshipping in the cave of Hira, he said, ‘From this the Sufis took the khalwa (seclusion).’ Then he spoke about Sufism and the Sufis. His tariqa was Khalwatiyya, and I have seen those who took the path from him, and I have seen his book which he wrote called, ‘The Indissoluble Oath: On the Etiquette of the Path.’ He printed it twice in his lifetime, and now it has vanished.

A person must not vilify the Muslims, but surrender the affair to Allah, and seek forgiveness for his own sins and those of the Muslims.

Q: Is ‘La ilaha illa Allah al-Malik al-Haqq al-Mubeen’ in the hadith corpus or not? Some people say to me, ‘Don’t say it, because it has not been narrated, and so it is forbidden for you!’

A: ‘La ilaha illa Allah al-Malik al-Haqq al-Mubeen’ is something that has been narrated. [2]

Wisdom:

Though the life may be long, the grave must come

and though the night may be long, the sunrise must come

Is there night without sunrise? Never! Is there a life without a grave? Never, never! But the son of Adam is unmindful!

——————————————

[1] The Hadith of the Delegation of Abd Qays

Umm Abbaan bint al-Wazi’ bin al-Zari’ narrated on the authority of her grandfather Zari’, who was among the delegation of Abd Qays. He said:

When we came to Medina we jumped off our riding animals and raced and kissed the hand of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and his foot.

(Sunan Abu Dawud, Section on Kissing Someone on their Body).

[2] Note: Salim al-Khawwas, and al-Fadl b. Ghanim narrated it from Imam Malik b. Anas on the authority of Ja’far al-Sadiq with his chain through his fathers until our master ‘Ali b. Abi Talib who said, I heard the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) say: Whoever says one hundred times a day, ‘La ilaha illa Allah al-Malik al-Haqq al-Mubeen,’ it will give him comfort from the loneliness of the grave, and bring him wealth, and he will be knocking on the doors of Paradise. Narrated by Abu Nu’aym in Hilyat al-Awliya, Dhul Nun in Hadith Dhul Nun al-Masri, and Abd al-Karim al-Rafi’i in al-Tadwin fi Akhbar Qazwin.]

Part 2: beneficialilm.com/2013/04/03/friday-lesson-sura-al-ikhlas-part-2/

Or download the full PDF here: http://www.scribd.com/doc/135300512/Commentary-on-Sura-al-Ikhlas

Comments

  1. May Allah reward you my dear brother..though I have never met you..You are beloved to me …for exposing me to the Shaykh may Allah have mercy on him… The blog and your YouTube page have been of much benefit to my family and i …. Please and I repeat Please.. don’t stop translating the litanies ,saying, lectures and khutbahs of the Shaykh.. ..thank you and May Allah join us with Him..in the company of our beloved Al Mustafa Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him and his family ..Ameen

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