On the Virtues of the Night of Mid Shaban

The Night of Forgiveness

Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban, al-Bayhaqi, al-Tabarani, al-Daraqutni and others narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said that Allah will forgive everyone on the night of the 15th of Sha’ban except one who associates partners with Him, and the mushaahin (one in whose heart is shahnaa’: spite and enmity).

Al-Daraqutni and others related that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said that on the night of the 15th of Sha’ban, Allah will forgive the believers and delay the punishment of the disbelievers, except the people of spite (hiqd), whom He will leave until they leave it.

قال ابن المبارك : سمعت الأوزاعى يفسر المشاحن بكل صاحب بدعة مفارق للجماعة.
وفى رواية عن الأوزاعى : ليس المشاحن الذى لا يكلم الرجل، إنما المشاحن الذى في قلبه شحناء لأصحاب رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم – .
وروى عن عمر بن هانئ : سألت ابن ثوبان عن المشاحن فقال: هو التارك لسنة نبيه – صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم – الطاعن على أمته، السافك دماءهم.

Imam Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak said that he heard Imam al-Awza’i explain the mushaahin (one in whose heart is spite and enmity) as: every person of innovation, who has left the jamaa’a and the ummah.

And Umar ibn Hani’ said: I asked Ibn Thawban about the mushaahin, he said:

He is the one who has left the sunna of his Prophet – salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam– who speaks ill of his ummah, and spills their blood.

It is also called The Night of Life (Laylat al-Hayaah) because of the hadith:

“He who brings to life the nights of the two Eids and the night of mid-Sha’ban, his heart will not die on the day when hearts shall die.” (Narrated by al-Mundhiri)

Meaning: His heart will not be corrupted by love of the dunya so that it keeps him busy from good works and the duties of the religion, as it has been related: “Do not sit with the dead”, meaning: those whose hearts have been corrupted by love of the dunya.

The meaning of “his heart will not be corrupted” (on the day when hearts shall die) is:

That it will not be confused when his soul is taken, in the grave, and during the Resurrection.

Recommended Acts on this Night

All types of actions that bring one closer to Allah are recommended on this night, such as Prayer, recitation of the Qur’an, the Remembrance of Allah, and invoking blessings upon the Prophet (may Allah bless him and send him peace). The hadith master Shaykh Najm al-Din al-Ghazzi recommended in particular the Salat al-Tasabih because of its immense reward and how much the Prophet (may Allah bless him and send him peace) encouraged his uncle al-Abbas to do it.

– Taken from  Risalat al-Kashf wal Bayaan ‘an Fadaail Laylat an-Nisf min Sha’ban by shaykh Salim al-Sanhouri, edited and published by Shaykh Salih al-Ja’fari.

Abu al-Shaykh narrated with an authentic chain that Ibn Abbas said regarding the verse, {Allah erases and establishes what He wills} (13:39):” On the Night of Mid-Sha’ban, Allah directs the affairs of the year. He erases what He wills and establishes other than it instead. Eternal wretchedness and felicity, life and death.”

Imam Suyuti said: “The chain of this narration is authentic. It has no blemish nor is there anything in it that could be criticised (as a source of weakness).”

 

 

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